An introduction to the causes symptoms and treatment of heart disease

The best time to ask your doctor is for prevention purposes. This means that you consult your physician even if you do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of an ischemic heart disease. The preventive consultation will assure you of your health status in general, as well as helps in monitoring any risks factors and possible heart problems that may arise.

An introduction to the causes symptoms and treatment of heart disease

Diabetes or insulin resistance Sedentary lifestyle Once the inner wall of an artery is damaged, fatty deposits plaque made of cholesterol and other cellular waste products tend to accumulate at the site of injury in a process called atherosclerosis.

If the surface of the plaque breaks or ruptures, blood cells called platelets will clump at the site to try to repair the artery. This clump can block the artery, leading to a heart attack.

Risk factors Risk factors for coronary artery disease include: Simply getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries. Men are generally at greater risk of coronary artery disease. However, the risk for women increases after menopause. A family history of heart disease is associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a close relative developed heart disease at an early age.

Your risk is highest if your father or a brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55 or if your mother or a sister developed it before age People who smoke have a significantly increased risk of heart disease.

Exposing others to your secondhand smoke also increases their risk of coronary artery disease. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the channel through which blood can flow.

High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaque and atherosclerosis. High cholesterol can be caused by a high level of low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol, known as the "bad" cholesterol.

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A low level of high-density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol, known as the "good" cholesterol, can also contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease.

Type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure. Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors. Lack of exercise also is associated with coronary artery disease and some of its risk factors, as well.

Unrelieved stress in your life may damage your arteries as well as worsen other risk factors for coronary artery disease.


Eating too much food that has high amounts of saturated fat, trans fat, salt and sugar can increase your risk of coronary artery disease. Risk factors often occur in clusters and may build on one another, such as obesity leading to type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.

When grouped together, certain risk factors put you at an even greater risk of coronary artery disease.

Cardiovascular disease | Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, & Prevention |

For example, metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions that includes elevated blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL, or "good," cholesterol, elevated insulin levels and excess body fat around the waist — increases the risk of coronary artery disease.

Sometimes coronary artery disease develops without any classic risk factors. Researchers are studying other possible factors, including: This disorder causes you to repeatedly stop and start breathing while you're sleeping. Sudden drops in blood oxygen levels that occur during sleep apnea increase blood pressure and strain the cardiovascular system, possibly leading to coronary artery disease.

High sensitivity C-reactive protein. High sensitivity C-reactive protein hs-CRP is a normal protein that appears in higher amounts when there's inflammation somewhere in your body.

High hs-CRP levels may be a risk factor for heart disease. It's thought that as coronary arteries narrow, you'll have more hs-CRP in your blood.

Too Much Stomach Acid is Not the Culprit

This is a type of fat lipid in your blood. High levels may raise the risk of coronary artery disease, especially for women. Homocysteine is an amino acid your body uses to make protein and to build and maintain tissue.Hepatitis A is a virus that causes infection and inflammation of the liver.

It rarely results in serious liver damage or death and does not develop chronic liver disease.

An introduction to the causes symptoms and treatment of heart disease

Heart disease symptoms caused by valvular heart disease. The heart has four valves — the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves — that open and close to direct blood flow through your heart.

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Causes of disease A disease is defined as a physical or mental disorder or malfunction with a certain set of signs or symptoms. Diseases may be caused by a single factor such as a pathogenic microorganism or have many causes .

WebMD explores the possible causes of heart murmurs, as well as treatment options and prevention. Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is in the family of urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Kidney infections are caused by sexual intercourse, pregnancy, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and poor hygiene.

Kidney infections can be cured with antibiotic treatment. Heart disease remains the leading killer in America, but even if you have a family history, heart disease and heart attacks are not inevitable. A healthy diet, regular exercise, cholesterol-lowering drugs, and lifesaving surgeries can reduce your risk of having—or dying from—a heart attack.

Heart disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic