Footnotes Introduction We can never rest comfortably in the belief that the soil from which our satisfactions sprout is not watered with the blood of martyrs. But a troubled conscience compels us, the undeserving beneficiaries, to ask: Who is to be martyred? Hans Jonas 1 In the ethics of human subjects research, protectionism is the doctrine that human beings should be protected from the risks of participation in research.
As such, researchers often make adjustments to the sample size to lessen the chances of random errors.
All this said, what are the popular examples of experimental research? Stanley Milgram Experiment — Conducted to determine whether people obey orders, even if its clearly dangerous.
The killings were done after certain orders were made. In fact, war criminals were deemed just following orders and therefore not responsible for their actions. Gregory Mendel was an Austrian monk who was studying at the University of Vienna. Mendel was able to generate testable rather than observational data.
Ben Franklin Kite Experiment — it is believed that Benjamin Franklin discovered electricity by flying his kite into a storm cloud therefore receiving an electric shock. But just like any other type of research, there are certain sides who are in support of this method and others who are on the opposing side.
Both involve the study of the sounds of words (phonemes) but phonemics is the study of sounds as they contribute to meaning in a particular language, whereas phonetics is the study of universal sounds independent of meaning. View Essay - Business Ethics Research Paper from RES at University of Phoenix. Business Research Ethics RES/ Unethical business research and . His experiment has been criticized by some social scientists, as was the obedience experiment of his high school classmate Stanley Milgram, for its treatment of human research subjects.
List of Advantages of Experimental Research 1. Control over variables This kind of research looks into controlling independent variables so that extraneous and unwanted variables are removed. Determination of cause and effect relationship is easy Because of its experimental design, this kind of research looks manipulates variables so that a cause and effect relationship can be easily determined.
Provides better results When performing experimental research, there are specific control set ups as well as strict conditions to adhere to. With these two in place, better results can be achieved.
With this kind of research, the experiments can be repeated and the results checked again. Getting better results also gives a researcher a boost of confidence.
Other advantages of experimental research include getting insights into instruction methods, performing experiments and combining methods for rigidity, determining the best for the people and providing great transferability.
List of Disadvantages of Experimental Research 1. For one, not every variable that can be manipulated should be.
Creates artificial situations Experimental research also means controlling irrelevant variables on certain occasions. As such, this creates a situation that is somewhat artificial.
Subject to human error Researchers are human too and they can commit mistakes. However, whether the error was made by machine or man, one thing remains certain: Other issues cited as disadvantages include personal biases, unreliable samples, results that can only be applied in one situation and the difficulty in measuring the human experience.
In addition, experimental research takes a lot of time and can be really expensive.
Participants can be influenced by environment Those who participate in trials may be influenced by the environment around them. As such, they might give answers not based on how they truly feel but on what they think the researcher wants to hear. Rather than thinking through what they feel and think about a subject, a participant may just go along with what they believe the researcher is trying to achieve.
As mentioned earlier, researchers are actively trying to influence variable so that they can observe the consequences.Half a century ago, social psychologist Stanley Milgram initiated his ingenious series of experiments on obedience to authority in the psychology laboratories at Yale University (–) – research that continues to resonate to this day, both within and outside the field.
In fact, the classic electric shock experiment by social psychologist Stanley Milgram, PhD, showed that when given an order by someone in authority, people would deliver what they believed to be extreme levels of electrical shock to other study participants who answered questions incorrectly.
Role of Milgrams Research on Social Psychologists Understanding of Obedience Nearly fifty years ago, psychologist Stanley Milgram embarked on a series of experiments that yielded results becoming one of the cornerstones of social psychology.
View Essay - Business Ethics Research Paper from RES at University of Phoenix.
Business Research Ethics RES/ Unethical business research and . In Obedience to Authority, Stanley Milgram describes the perils of blind obedience to authority, as described in An Essay on Proudly South African Hypocrisy Nothing unites a community or.
Essay about Obedience to Authority by Stanley Milgram Words 10 Pages Stanley Milgram’s studies into obedience have provided important and shocking insights into the power of authority. The key to obedience is authority, according to Stanley Milgram, "The most fundamental lesson of [the] study: ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process.". Milgram’s study of Obedience - the study of how people react to social situations which involve complying with instructions from a figure of authority (Glassman & Hadad ) was designed to answer the question of whether a person would follow orders to .
An Experiment on Obedience in The Pearl´s of Obedience by Stanley Milgram - In this article “The Pearls of Obedience”, Stanley Milgram asserts that obedience to authority is a common response for many people in today’s society, .